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A research product of the researchers of the School of Distance Education,
Universiti Sains Malaysia headed by Prof Dr Hanafi Atan (with Associate Prof. Dr. Zuraidah Abd. Rahman & Associate Prof. Omar Majid).

Funded by a number of research grants from:

i.   The Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI)
ii.  The Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE)
iii. The Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)