A research product of the researchers of the School of Distance Education,
Universiti Sains Malaysia headed by Prof Dr Hanafi Atan (with Associate Prof. Dr. Zuraidah Abd. Rahman
& Associate Prof. Omar Majid).
Funded by a number of research grants from:
i. The Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI)
ii. The Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE)
iii. The Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)